Laser Light Therapy
Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy occurs when a dose of light energy reaches target tissue and results in decreased inflammation, decreased pain, and accelerated healing. This doctor-prescribed, technician-driven modality effectively treats a wide variety of conditions including pre-surgical, post-surgical, acute, and chronic disease states.
What is Photobiomodulation Therapy?
Photobiomodulation therapy is defined as a form of light therapy that utilizes non-ionizing light sources, including lasers, light emitting diodes, and/or broadband light, in the visible (400 – 700 nm) and near-infrared (700 – 1100 nm) electromagnetic spectrum. It is a nonthermal process involving endogenous chromophores eliciting photophysical (i.e., linear and nonlinear) and photochemical events at various biological scales. This process results in beneficial therapeutic outcomes including but not limited to the alleviation of pain or inflammation, immunomodulation, and promotion of wound healing and tissue regeneration.1 The term photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy is now being used by researchers and practitioners instead of terms such as low level laser therapy (LLLT), cold laser, or laser therapy.
The fundamental principles that underpin photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy, as currently understood in the scientific literature, are relatively straightforward. There is consensus that the application of a therapeutic dose of light to impaired or dysfunctional tissue leads to a cellular response mediated by mitochondrial mechanisms that reduce pain and inflammation and speed healing.
The primary target (chromophore) for the process is the cytochrome c complex, which is found in the inner membrane of the cell mitochondria. Cytochrome c is a vital component of the electron transport chain that drives cellular metabolism. As light is absorbed, cytochrome c is stimulated, leading to increased production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the molecule that facilitates energy transfer within the cell. In addition to ATP, laser stimulation also produces free nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species. Nitric oxide is a powerful vasodilator and an important cellular signaling molecule involved in many physiological processes. Reactive oxygen species have been shown to affect many important physiological signaling pathways including the inflammatory response. In concert, the production of these signaling molecules has been shown to induce growth factor production, to increase cell proliferation and motility, and to promote extracellular matrix deposition and pro-survival pathways. Outside the cell, nitric oxide signaling drives vasodilation, which improves microcirculation in the damaged tissue, delivering oxygen, vital sugars, proteins, and salts while removing wastes.
PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)
Stem Cell Injections
Plasma is the liquid within which the other components of blood, such as red blood cells and platelets, are suspended. It is mostly comprised of water. Platelets are small fragments of cells that play a role in the blood clotting process and also promote healing.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is derived from the patient’s own blood. Veterinarians process the plasma so that it has a higher-than-usual concentration of platelets. The plasma contains growth factors and proteins that accelerate the healing of tendons and ligaments and may promote regeneration of cartilage or bone.
PRP injections can decrease pain associated with arthritis by reducing inflammation in the joints. They may also help tendon or ligament injuries heal. Patients with chronic, slow, or non-healing wounds may also benefit from PRP.
Platelets are a cell-like component of blood and are primarily responsible for the development of clots. Platelets also contain a remarkable array of growth factors involved in healing. The list includes platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF), ß-thromboglobulin, fibroblast growth factor, insulin-like growth factor 1, epidermal growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor. These growth factors are primarily responsible for the recruitment and differentiation of progenitor cells; promoting angiogenesis, new tissue growth, and replenishing the extracellular matrix.
When stem cells are injected in a concentrated form, they perform various functions to repair and regenerate tissue. They have the ability to differentiate into the surrounding tissue types, which can include bone, cartilage, tendon, ligament, muscle, and nervous tissue. Other primary functions of stem cells in regenerative therapy include:
Activate surrounding resident stem cells
Stimulate new blood supply
Recruit additional cell types to aid in tissue repair and “clean-up”
Stimulate healing and tissue growth with the release of cytokines and growth factors
Decrease inflammation by moderating inflammatory pathways
Reduce and/ or eliminate scar tissue
Create a scaffold for healing tissues via extracellular matrix
Indications for Use
Regenerative therapies, including platelet rich plasma (PRP) and bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) stem cell therapies, can be used for a wide range of conditions including:
Certain Spinal Conditions
What is Veterinary Thermal Imaging?
Veterinary Thermography – Unique Patient Evaluation
Veterinary thermal imaging uses a camera to measure a patient’s body surface temperatures. This veterinary-specific software converts the temperatures into images that help evaluate physiology. Thermal images use colors to represent the body’s surface temperatures of the animal. This provides a physiological map of the patient and allows veterinarians to see the unseen.
Digatherm® makes reading and interpreting thermal images easy. Colors clearly represent and correlate with temperatures on the thermal image. Because of this, clinicians can easily identify areas of increased or decreased temperatures. Thermal imaging for animals helps pinpoint where problems are and knowing where to look further.
Detect lameness earlier with this integral part of every single wellness exam. Or track treatment progress with an objective measure of your patient's weight bearing.
Identifying lameness before a pet begins to show signs is essential to prescribe pro-active, conservative treatment plans. An essential part of a wellness program – these objective measurements track the history of a patient’s stance and alert you to abnormalities. When a change is detected, use this data to support your recommendations for additional diagnostics, supplements, prescriptions, or other treatment options.
Objective measurements of lameness are also important to track during a prescribed treatment plan. Monitor the status of the patient’s stance during each re-check to ensure that your treatment plan success is supported by data. If progress plateaus, use these data points to show your client why changes need to be made to the plan.
Communicating your physical exam findings to your clients can be a challenge, especially when what you are seeing and feeling is not visually obvious. The Stance Analyzer allows you to share a colorful printed report that highlights how a pet is bearing weight on each limb to ease the discussion with your client.
Cancer is the leading cause of death in 47% of dogs and 32% of cats over ten years old1. Early detection improves chances of success with treatment and prognosis.
HT Vista’s revolutionary, patented medical imaging technology was developed by a team of experts in the fields of AI, thermodynamics, oncology, and radiology. HT Vista was designed to utilize Heat Diffusion Imaging (HDI), an AI-based algorithm that recognizes cancerous cells by their unique dynamic heat-flow properties.
HT Vista delivers a new level of confidence in cancer detection. A simple 1-10 scoring system enables critical, real-time communication with pet owners within five minutes. With a negative predictive value of 98%, HT Vista is the ideal screening tool. This means when a mass is declared as benign, there is a high likelihood (98%) that the mass is truly benign and not a false negative result.
VETSCAN IMAGYST™ is a first-of-its-kind technology,offering multiple applications for companiondiagnostics in a single platform—including AI dermatology,AI fecal, AI blood smear and digital cytology image transfer.
A Zoetis clinical parasitologist or pathologist can review AI results when requested at an additional charge.
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